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India is a country with a high esteem history and culture. Historical Monuments and ancient architecture makes the country a most popular destination for tourists. Monuments in the country gives an insight of the past civilization and history. Being a historic land with diversified culture and the effect of past civilizations can be even seen today among the citizens and the demography of the country. People of India feel proud of their esteemed cultural heritage.
WAR MEMORIALS OF INDIA
1. INDIA GATE-NEW DELHI (originally called as ALL INDIA WAR MEMORIAL)
Situated on the Raj Path, India Gate was built by Sir Edwin Lutyens to pay homage to the Indian soldiers who lost their lives in World War I and the Afghan War. On the walls of India Gate, names of 90000 soldiers have been in scripted who died during World War I, Afghan War and North-West frontier operations.
Amar Jawan Jyoti called as the “flame of immortal warriors” was built later to commemorate the soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the war aginst Pakistan in the year 1971. The shrine is made up of black marble and on the top of the shrine there is an upside down rifle with a soldier’s cap on the top.
India Gate is a 42 meter tall structure with beautiful gardens and fountains around. There is a round circle of road around India Gate with many diversions to important roads.
2. RED FORT-NEW DELHI
Popularly called as LAL QUILA, This monument is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. It was built by Shah Jahan-the Mughal King in 1648. The whole structure is made of red stone, and the fort has a huge wall that encompasses the whole structure. The walls have two entrances, one at the Delhi gate and the other at the Lahore gate. Lahore Gate is the main entrance point of the fort, leading to Chatta Chowk. It is a covers bazaar street where merchants sold their goods to the nobles of the court. As one moves along the passage of Chatta Chowk, you will come across Naqqar Khana, also called drum house. This place was used by the musicians who played their bands every day. The place now is used as a war museum. There is another open space along the main entrance path which served as the courtyard of the Diwan-i-Am. An ornate throne balcony can be seen at the eastern wall of the Diwan-i-Am. Nobles used to gather here facing each other depending on their ranks and hierarchy. The emperor used to sit above with royal princes occupying the place next to the throne and the wazirs used to sit on the marble takht below the throne. The architectural design behind the Emperor's throne was done by French artists which were a major attraction in almost every Mughal architecture.
A gateway called Lal Purdah can be seen on the left of the Diwan-i-Am which was the way out of the court. The gate was used by Emperor’s important members in the court and was called Lal Purdaris.
Red Fort has a lot to offer to the visitors. There are many things that can only be seen and witnessed. You must visit the fort once and get to learn a lot about the great Mughal architecture. Being among the top tourist destinations of Delhi, Red Fort attracts thousands of visitors every year. Above all, the Red Fort has a very important purpose in the democracy of India. It is the site that is used for celebrating the Independence Day. The Prime Minister of India addresses the nation on August 15 from this very historical monument
3. WAGAH BORDER-PUNJAB
Wagah border, less than 30 km from Amritsar city, Punjab, India is the only border crossing between India and Pakistan.
Wagah Border is famous for its 'Retreat' ceremony at the time of sunset. During evening armed soldiers, both Indian as well as Pakistani, fully decked in their uniform enacts a particularly hostile parade marked by lowering of their respective flags and closing the border gates. The changing of the guards and the ceremonials lowering of the flags is carried out with great pomp and fervor.
To enjoy a close look of the border you can be a part of the Nationalistically surcharged and frenzied atmosphere at Wagah, with people from both the sides of the border shouting slogans to bolster the morale of their respective country's army personnel. You can walk along the paved path to the main gates and take pictures of the crowd lining the pathway beyond the gate, before or after the ceremony.
4. JALLIANVALA BAGH MASSACRE-PUNJAB
The Jallianwala Bagh is located about a quarter of a mile from the Golden Temple, Amritsar.
Jallianwala Bagh has a special importance attached to it with respect to India's Freedom
struggle. It was at this historic park that hundreds of men, women and children sacrificed
their lives in front of the ruthless firing of the British forces. The incident took place
on April 13, 1919, on the auspicious day of Baisakhi. On this fateful day thousands of
people had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh to voice their feelings against the arrest of their leaders, Dr Satyapal and Dr Kitchlew, by the British Government. The Britishers gave the responsibility to General Dyer to control the crowd. General Dyer tried to silence the gathered crowd with non-stop firing without giving any advance information to the public. Though according to official estimates 397 people were killed but the actual number of persons died and wounded was much more. These bullet marks can be seen even today on the boundary walls of the garden. Today Jallianwala Bagh has been turned into a spacious and well-laid park and is a major tourist attraction.
In the post Independence period (1961) a memorial has been built at the place where hundreds of innocent lives were sacrificed. Four stone lanterns flank the pylon (tower) of the bagh, which looks like a flame. The structure has been constructed with red stone from Dholpur quarries (Rajasthan) and the base is made up of pieces of granite from Banglore. The place from where the soldiers fired on the crowd (entrance no.2) is now an open terrace made of Kota stone (Rajasthan).
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